Backup withholding Resident and nonresident withholding
Backup withholding is a type of income tax withheld on specific income types when a payee fails to:
- Provide the payer a correct taxpayer identification number (TIN)
- Certify exemption from backup withholding
- Replaces all other types of withholding
- Cannot be reduced or waived
- Does not apply to California real estate withholding
When is backup withholding required
If the payer is required to withhold and remit backup withholding to the IRS, they are also required to withhold and remit with us, with certain limited exceptions.
Income subject to backup withholding
Backup withholding can apply to most payments reported on Forms 1099 and W-2G, including:
- Non-employee compensation
Backup withholding requires a payer to deduct and withhold 7% of a reportable payment if the payee:
- Does not provide a TIN
- Provides an invalid TIN
- Fails to certify they are not subject to backup withholding
Credit for backup withholding
If a payee had income tax withheld under the backup withholding rule, the payee must report the federal income tax withholding on their return for the year they received the income.
Certain payees are exempt, such as government entities and tax-exempt organizations. For a complete list, refer to IRS Form W-9.
Prevent backup withholding
To stop backup withholding, the payee will need to correct the reason they became subject to backup withholding.
This can include providing the correct TIN to the payer.
How to remit:
- Calculate backup withholding; 7% of nonwage payment
- Domestic nonresident: Submit Resident and Nonresident Withholding Statement (Form 592) with Payment Voucher for Resident and Nonresident Withholding (Form 592-V)
- Foreign nonresident: Submit Payment Voucher for Resident and Nonresident Withholding (Form 592-V)
- Foreign nonresident: Submit Foreign Partner or Member Annual Return (Form 592-F) with Form 592-A, if applicable
Visit Resident and Nonresident Withholding Guidelines (Pub 1017) for more information. Visit Form 592 and Form 592-F Instructions for further assistance.