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State of California Franchise Tax Board

Changes to 2012 Forms

Updates to the Schedule D (540) on 03/07/2014 –– California Capital Gain or Loss Adjustment

We replaced text on:

  1. Form, Side 1, Line 1
  2. Form, Side 1, Line 1
  3. Form, Side 1, Line 4
  4. Form, Side 1, Line 5
  5. Instructions, Page 1, Column 1, What’s New
  6. Instructions, Page 1, Column 2, Purpose, above Installment Sales section
  7. Instructions, Page 2, Column 1, Specific Line Instructions, Line 1
  8. Instructions, Page 2, Column 1, Specific Line Instructions, Qualified Small Business Stock
  9. Instructions, Page 2, Column 1, Specific Line Instructions, above Line 2

Previous Version

  1. 1
  2. Note: new text added.
  3. Total 2012 gains from all sources. Add column (e) amounts of line 1, line 2, and line 3.
  4. 2012 loss. Add column (d) amounts of line 1a and line 2.
  5. Qualified Small Business Stock – In Cutler. v. Franchise Tax Board (2012) 208 Cal App 4th 1247, 146 Cal Rptr. 3d 244, the California Court of Appeal found that the California qualified small business stock (QSBS) provisions of R&TC Sections 18038.5 and 18152.5 discriminated against interstate commerce in violation of the Commerce Clause of the United States Constitution. R&TC Sections 18038.5 and 18152.5 provided for a California deferral and exclusion of gain from the sale of QSBS if 80% of the corporation’s property and payroll was located in California for substantially all of the taxpayer’s holding period of the stock. An unconstitutional statute is invalid and unenforceable. Therefore, the California deferral and exclusion are not available.
  6. Note: new text added.
  7. 1
  8. Qualified Small Business Stock – California does not conform to the qualified small business stock deferral and gain exclusion under IRC Section 1045 and IRC Section 1202. Enter the entire gain realized in column (e).
  9. Note: new text added.

Revised Version

  1. 1a
  2. 1b
  3. Total 2012 gains from all sources. Add column (e) amounts of line 1a, line 1b, line 2, and line 3.
  4. 2012 loss. Add column (d) amounts of line 1a, line 1b, and line 2.
  5. Note: text deleted.
  6. California law does not conform to federal law changes regarding the increase in the percentage of the gain exclusion for the sales of qualified small business stock acquired after February 17, 2009. California law allows an exclusion of 50% of any gain from the sale or exchange of qualified small business stock held for more than 5 years. For California purposes, 80% of the issuing corporation’s payroll must be attributable to employment located within California (at time of issuance) Also, at least 80% of the value of the corporation’s assets must be used by the corporation to actively conduct one or more qualified trades or businesses.

    R&TC Section 18038.5 also provides for the deferral of gain from the sale of small business stock that has been held for six months or more, if qualified replacement stock is purchased within 60 days after the sale giving rise to the gain. Report gain deferred from the sale of qualified small business stock in accordance with the instructions contained in Revenue Procedure 98-48.

    For more information, go to ftb.ca.gov and search for qsbs.
  7. 1a
  8. Note: text deleted.
  9. Line 1b – R&TC Section 18152.5 Exclusion. If the gain qualifying for the IRC Section 1202 exclusion also qualifies for the California exclusion under R&TC Section 18152.5: Enter in column (a) “Section 18152.5 Exclusion.” Complete column (b) and column (c) according to the instructions for line 1a. Enter in column (d) the amount of gain that qualifies for the California exclusion. Enter in column (e) the entire gain realized. If the gain qualifying for the IRC Section 1202 exclusion does not qualify for the California exclusion: Complete column (a), column (b), and column (c) according to the instructions for line 1a. Enter -0- in column (d) and enter the entire gain realized in column (e).

Reason for the changes

AB 1412 (Stats. 2013, ch. 546), signed by the Governor on October 4, 2013, retroactively allows the Qualified Small Business Stock (QSBS) deferral and 50 percent gain exclusion for tax years 2008 through 2012.

Impact

This revision may decrease the tax liability for taxpayers who did not report a QSBS exclusion or deferral for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2008.

Back to Tax Form Changes for 2012

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