2017 Instructions for Schedule H (100)
Dividend Income Deduction
Revenue and Taxation Code (R&TC) Section 24410 was repealed and re-enacted to allow a “Dividends Received Deduction” for qualified dividends received from an insurer subsidiary. The deduction is allowed whether or not the insurer is engaged in business in California, if at the time of each payment, at least 80% of each class of stock of the insurer was owned by the corporation receiving the dividend. An 85% deduction is allowed for qualified dividends. A portion of the dividends may not qualify if the insurer subsidiary paying the dividend is overcapitalized for the purpose of the dividends received deduction. See Specific Instructions, Part II, for more information.
Dividend elimination is allowed regardless of whether the payer/payee are taxpayer members of the California combined unitary group return, or whether the payer/payee had previously filed California tax returns, as long as the payer/payee filed as members of a comparable unitary business outside of California when the earnings and profits (E&P) from which the dividends were paid arose.
In addition, dividend elimination is allowed for dividends paid from a member of a combined unitary group to a newly formed member of the combined unitary group if the recipient corporation has been a member of the combined unitary group from its formation to its receipt of the dividends. E&P earned before becoming a member of the unitary group do not qualify for elimination. See R&TC Section 25106 for more information.
In Farmer Bros. Co. v. Franchise Tax Board (2003) 108 Cal App 4th 976, 134 Cal Rptr. 2nd 390, the California Court of Appeal found R&TC Section 24402 to be unconstitutional. A statute that is held to be unconstitutional is invalid and unenforceable. Therefore, R&TC Section 24402 deduction is not available.
California follows the federal dividend distributions ordering rule where dividends are deemed to be paid out of current year E&P first, and then layered back on a last-in, first-out (LIFO) basis.
A corporation may eliminate or deduct dividend income when certain requirements are met. The available eliminations or deductions are described below.
Part I – Elimination of Intercompany Dividends
A corporation may eliminate dividends received from unitary subsidiaries but only to the extent that the dividends are paid from unitary E&P accumulated while both the payee and payer were members of the combined report. See R&TC Section 25106 for more information.
Complete Part I and enter the total of Part I, line 4, column (d) on Form 100, Side 2, line 10.
Part II – Deduction for Dividends Paid to a Corporation by an Insurance Company
R&TC Section 24410 provides that a corporation that owns 80% or more of each class of stock of an insurer is entitled to 85% dividends received deduction for qualified dividends received from that insurer. The deduction would be allowed regardless of whether the insurer does business in California.
The amount of the dividends that qualify for the dividends received deduction is the total amount of dividends received from that insurer, multiplied by the insurer’s qualified dividend percentage. The qualified dividend percentage is determined under R&TC Section 24410(c).
To complete Part II:
- Fill in columns (a) through (c).
- Enter in column (d) the total amount of insurance dividends received.
- Enter the qualified dividend percentage in column (e).
- Multiply the amount in column (d) by the qualified dividend percentage in column (e) and enter that amount in column (f).
- Multiply the amount in column (f) by 85% and enter the result in column (g).
- Total the amounts on Part II, line 4, column(g). Enter the amount from Part II, line 4, column (g) on Form 100, Side 2, line 11.
The calculation of the qualified dividend percentage should be presented in a supplemental schedule that is attached to the taxpayer’s return. That schedule should identify the amount of the net written premiums for all the insurance companies in the commonly controlled group for the preceding five years (including an identification of property/casualty premiums, life insurance premiums, and financial guarantee premiums), the relative weight given to each class of net written premiums, and the total income of the insurance companies in the commonly controlled group (including premium and investment income for the preceding five years). For more information, see R&TC Section 24410.